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Red Oak

Oak is a high quality, durable, attractive and extremely popular choice. By any standard, the oak is a mighty tree. It is significant in sheer numbers alone, with oak trees being the most widespread hardwoods in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere.

Habitat: Commercial domestic species of red and white oak are widely distributed throughout the United States.

Janka Hardness Rating: 1290

The Tree: In forests, the northern red oak grows straight and tall, to 115 ft. with a trunk of up to 3 ft. in diameter; open-grown trees do not get so tall, averaging 70 to 90 ft. in height, but can develop a stouter trunk, up to 6.6 ft. in diameter. They have stout branches growing at right angles to the stem, forming a narrow round-topped head. Northern red oak is easy to recognize by its bark, which features bark ridges that appear to have shiny stripes down the center. A few other oaks have bark with this kind of appearance in the upper tree, but the northern red oak is the only tree with the striping all the way down the trunk.

The Wood: Oak comes in red or white varieties, and within each species, there are a range of hues. The color of the white oak runs from creamy white to a light brown all the way up to a medium brown. Red oak wood (which is what is pictured here) tends to be reddish brown in color and is easily identifiable because of the dark lines, called rays. Both red and white oak have good resistance to splitting and excellent holding ability.

Uses: The northern red oak is one of the most important oaks for timber production in North America. The wood is of high value and extensively used in construction and for interior finish of houses. Checks in drying, but when carefully treated can also be successfully used for furniture.

Red Oak Gallery: Wood flooring photos from the homes of satisfied customers!